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1.0 Pediatrics and Child Health Department

The department of Paediatrics has a total of 13 units namely: Pulmonology and critical care, Neurology, Nephrology, Adolescent, Acute care unit (APCU), Infectious or diarrhea unit, Malnutrition unit, Oncology/Hematology unit, Neonatal unit, Gastroenterology, Dermatology, Diabetes and Endocrinology

1.1 General Pediatrics Unit

The general paediatrics unit has two wards namely Firm A and Firm B. These two wards admit patients with a variety of diseases including respiratory diseases e.g. pneumonias, cardiovascular diseases e.g. congenital heart diseases, genitourinary diseases such as nephrosis/nephritis, UTI and other diseases such as malaria and anaemias.

1.2 Acute Care Unit

The acute care unit (APCU) deals with children admitted with acute or severe illnesses and who needs close monitoring and care until they stabilize. Such conditions are those with emergency conditions including obstructed airway, severe respiratory distress, unconscious patients, renal failure, etc. The medical staff in this unit has special training on acute care. Patients get close monitoring and management and once have stabilized they are transferred to the normal wards.

1.3 Infectious / Diarrhea Unit

The infectious or diarrhea unit is dealing with children who present with diarrhea. Three major types of diarrhea are acute watery diarrhea, dysentery and persistent or chronic diarrhea. The main objective in treating diarrhea is to investigate the patient to establish the underlined cause, treat or eliminate the cause, and to prevent or treat dehydration which is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, and manage the complication of diarrhea mainly electrolyte and acid-base disorders. The unit is also involved in training of medical students, residents and other health care staff on the management of diarrhea.

1.4 Malnutrition Unit.

This is a special ward for children with severe malnutrition including kwashiorkor, marasmic Kwashiorkor and marasmus. Patients admitted in this unit have various degrees of severe acute malnutrition so the management is mainly focused on nutritional stabilization and rehabilitation. The patients are investigated for the underlying causes and are treated accordingly. Special milk formulas are used to rehabilitate the patients including F75 and F100. These are special milk formula with high caloric content which meets their nutritional requirements. In this unit patients stay for a long time because of their chronic condition. Mother or caretakers are also trained on home management and care of the severely malnourished child so that they don’t come back after discharge for the same problem.

1.5 Haemato-oncology Unit

This unit consists of two wards namely Upendo where very sick children are admitted and Tumaini ward which admit stable patients who still needs care. In this unit there are rooms for diagnostic procedures including bone marrow aspiration, bone biopsy, tissue biopsy, lumber puncture, incision and drainage, cannulations and blood investigations.

The unit has one outpatient clinic which runs from Monday to Sunday to see new patients as well as follow up patients. The unit attends about 300 to 350 new patients each year.

1.6 Neonatal Unit

The unit cares newborn babies of up to 28 days of life. Babies are kept in special rooms depending on the diagnosis or underlying problem and the rooms are provided with necessary equipment depending on the needs, e.g. incubators, resuscitation equipment etc. Services provided in the neonatal unit include:

  1. Care of low birth weight babies including premature and small for gestational age babies who may be normal or sick.
  2. Normal term babies whose mothers are sick or not able to care for the babies
  3. Babies with birth asphyxia and congenital anomalies
  4. Babies with infections eg. pneumonia, septicaemia, etc
  5. Babies with other complications of new born.
  6. Follow up clinic for the children who were admitted in the ward and other patients with newborn problems referred from other hospitals in the country

1.7 Outpatients.

Each unit runs an outpatient clinic to follow up patients. Patients attending outpatient clinic include those discharged from the wards with and new patients referred from other centres but did not need admission.

These are patients with chronic or long standing medical problems include sickle cell anaemia and other anaemias, congenital anomalies, heart diseases, CNS disorders e.g. cerebral palsy, renal diseases e.g. nephotic syndrome, HIV infection, children with severe malnutrition, persistent or chronic diarrhea, malabsorption syndromes and other GI disorders, cancer patients etc. Outpatient clinic is run on a daily basis.

1.8 Ward Rounds

In each of the paediatric wards, ward rounds are conducted on a daily basis by Intern doctors along with resident and/or specialist. This includes weekends and public holidays. Major ward rounds are done twice a week by specialists along with the other junior doctors. Evening teaching rounds are also done daily for the admitting wards.

1.9 Training

The department is involved in training undergraduate medical students, and postgraduate MUHAS residents. We are also involved in training intern doctors and Nurse Students and from time to time we receive elective students from different countries. As part of continuing education we conduct Journal clubs, grand rounds and intern case presentations each once a week.

1.0 CardiovascularMedicineDepartment

The Department of Cardiovascular Medicine in Muhimbili National Hospital has state of the art facilities with ultramodern equipment for tertiary cardiovascular care management and treatment. We have got all cardiology facilities under one roof, required for diagnosis and treating almost all cardio logical problems.

We have dedicated doctors offering world – class health care in Dar es Salaam Tanzania The cardiovascular Centre building is 96 beds capacity facility including; Three open heart operating theatres, Modern Cardiothoracic ICU: 8 beds, Coronary Care Unit (CCU): 6 beds, Executive wards: 3 rooms, Executive Suite room: 1. The Cardiac wards are located on the ground, first and second floor, cardiovascular outpatient Sections with 6 Consulting rooms, Digital X-ray machine, Digital Subtraction Angiography (DSA) Machine and a Catheterization laboratory machine

Guiding Principles

Integrity

MNH has a social responsibility to improve the health of future generations. Guided by fundamental ethical principles of access and equity and in compliance with related laws and regulations, MNH will work with integrity in the pursuit of high quality clinical services. Respect Our patient and our workforce are our greatest resources. We are committed to a patient centred hospital environment and workforce built on respect for diversity, trust, communication, and institutional teamwork at all levels within the organization. .

Respect

Our patience and workforce are our greatest resources. We are committed to a patient centred hospital environment and workforce built on respect for diversity, trust, communication and institutional team work at all levels within the organization.

Quality

MNH will accomplish objectives by using all available resources to continually ensure best value for patients and stakeholders. This strategic planning process directs available resources to achieve strategic goals in the most cost effective manner. MNH shall collaborate with the Ministry of Health (Government), Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences (MUHAS), Muhimbili Orthopaedic Institute (MOI), Ocean Road Cancer Institute (ORCI), the Dar es Salaam Municipal and other referral hospitals to deliver the highest quality services within existing resources.

Security

MNH is committed to ensure the security of the Hospital. MNH will work proactively with patients, employees, and Hospital security officials to maintain a secure work environment for patients, staff, and Hospital assets.

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